Concept of Mediation
Ludwig.F. Lowenstein Ph.D
Southern England Psychological Services
is an important way of seeking to rectify hostility between parties.
There are actually two aspects to it which indicate as to whether
mediation is likely to be successful:
That the parties
concerned agree to participate in such a process with an expert
in the area of mediation, preferably a clinical psychologist.
That they co-operate
in the mediation process and not merely pay "lip-service"to
the fact that they wish mediation to occur.
Parties in dispute often
require considerable help to assist them in developing greater harmony
where there is currently severe conflict. The author has carreid
out a considerable amount of research into this area and has also
practiced mediation for many years and report this mediation to
Courts and others. As already stated the outcome of mediation depends
on the co-operation of the parties concerned as well as the skill
of the mediator.
in action consists of seeking to understand each of the parties
involved and obtaining information as to their willingness to give
as well as tke in the process. Only after this has been established
can parties be brought together. Failure to do the initial part
coul lead to merely "slanging" matches between the antagonists
which is totally unacceptible and unlikely to lead to a conclusion
to the problem.
It is vital
that the parties be informed that whoever makes the decision, such
as the Court, hat their co-operation would be measured on the basis
of what they do rather than what they say. The mediator must work
hard to remove the obstacles that lead to entrenched positions by
each of the parties concerned. It is ibvious that the mediator must
be viewed as an independent person eager to solve the problem rather
than fovouring one side or the other. Unless those in conflict understna
and accept this little can be achieved. The way forward however
is that mediation is a positive and constructive way of solving
problems between hostile parties.